What is a Full Stack Developer?

In this article, we’ll look at what a full stack developer is and how one (or more) may help with website development.

What is A full-stack developer?

A full-stack developer works on the front end (the interface) and back end (the inner workings) of a website or web application. Full-stack developers possess a comprehensive understanding of the technologies that comprise a web-based system. They can help effectively plan, execute, and troubleshoot web-based projects with their extensive knowledge.

What Does A Full Stack Developer Do?

A full-stack developer is someone who can do both front-end and back-end development. They help with every step of the web development process, from designing interaction techniques to writing server-side code. Client-side languages (HTML, CSS, and JavaScript) and at least one server-side programming language are all familiar to full-stack developers.

Full-stack developers aren’t experts in every web-based technology — there are just too many. Instead, they tend to focus on one specific type of common stack. For example, a full stack developer might specialize in the popular any project stack model, which consists of four items:

  • PHP/Python/Pearl, all server-side languages that send information between the web browser and web server.
  • MySQL, a database management system.
  • Apache, a software for running web servers.
  • Linux, an operating system.

This full-stack developer is capable of coding in all of the languages used in any project, as well as the front-end languages required. Even if they don’t understand the languages well, they’ll be able to comprehend other stacks.

What Does A Front End Developer Do?

A front-end developer works on the “front end” of a website or application. The front end is the part of your website or app that users see and engage with. Through your front end, your visitors can absorb information, interact with page elements, and submit their information to you. Front-end developers make this all possible.

The majority of developers choose these three languages to create the front end:

  1. JavaScript enables the more interactive features of websites. You can build a passable site with HTML and CSS alone, but if you want to add anything beyond static content, you’ll need to use JavaScript.
  2. HTML contains and organizes all the content of a web page, including text, images, links, buttons, and a lot more. You’ve probably heard of this one — every page on the web uses it.
  3. CSS determines how web pages look, from colors to fonts to entire page layouts. CSS interacts closely with HTML to make visually appealing sites.

These languages are known as “client-side” languages because they operate in the user’s web browser. Front-end (and full-stack) developers are well with these topics. They may also have skills in user experience design, graphic design, and/or other front-end specializations.

What Does A Back End Developer Do?

A back-end developer is responsible for the parts of a website that visitors don’t see — this is called the “back end.” Back-end developers write code that runs on the webserver to handle functions like storing and delivering content, communicating with other apps via APIs, and other important tasks that the users don’t need to see.

Backend developers are experts in one or more server-side programming languages like PHP, Python, or Java (not to be confused with JavaScript, a client-side language). These developers may also build and administer databases to hold all of the website’s data. This needs expertise with a specific database language, the most famous of which being SQL and MongoDB.

Many websites, including those using content management systems, combine client-side languages with at least one primary server-side language to work. For example, WordPress websites run on PHP and store information in SQL databases. WordPress developers specialize in these two languages.

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